With a hand and wrist surgery clinic at the University Hospital of South Manchester, it’s high time we delved into the history of Wythenshawe Hospital to learn about the heritage.
Wythenshawe Hospital is built on the site of Baguley Sanatorium. The Sanatorium opened on the 4 October 1902 to lead the way in the fight against a huge tuberculosis spike in the United Kingdom. It opened its doors with the sole purpose of combating a severely urgent health problem.
How urgent? Well, earlier that year, an International Conference on Tuberculosis was held in Berlin to bring world leaders together and discuss a strategic approach to the outbreak. The result of the Conference was a continental campaign to dampen the prevalence of TB. Prior to the opening of the Sanatorium, the disease accounted for around 12% of the deaths per annum in Manchester, claiming well over 2,000 lives per year during the late 1800s.
What is Tuberculosis? – An infectious disease caused by the bacterium myobacterium tuberculosis, which is generally contracted by breathing in the bacterium or by consuming contaminated food. TB generally affects the lungs, and classic symptoms include a chronic cough producing blood-containing sputum, fever, night sweats and weight loss.
As part of the United Kingdom’s campaign against tuberculosis the Baguley Sanatorium was commissioned to the cost of £60,000. When you consider inflation rates, a project in 2018 would cost in excess of £600,000,000. After ten years of treatment, the Sanatorium evolved into a 150-bed premises. The main treatment offer was simple bed rest, and cases could last for months on end (years, in some cases.)
The original plan was set out to demolish the Second World War EMS facility and build an entirely new hospital on the same site, but these plans came into a roadblock in the form of the Manchester Regional Hopsital Board. Years of back and forth followed as the relevant parties sought to come together under one true vision – and it was eventually decided that a 350-bed hospital would be built on land north of the Baguley Hospital campus. This would be the initial Wythenshawe Hospital, which also retained the EMA facilities. The huts would be demolished in 1994, just under 40 years later.
A Maternity Hospital was opened in 1965 to the tune of £750,000, which in 2018 money inflates to well over £100,000,000. Wythenshawe Hospital grew from strength to strength as a general hospital, and by the late 60s it possessed the following.
- ante-natal clinic
- cardio-thoracic surgery
- cerebral palsy
- chest clinic
- general medicine
- general surgery
- respiratory diseases
- paediatric surgery
- plastic surgery
- post-natal clinic
The 1970s and 1980s saw Wythenshawe Hospital continue its evolution into one of the busiest and highly-rated hospitals in the North West. Perhaps, nothing was more indicative of the success than the first ever heart transplant being performed by surgeons at Wythenshawe in 1987. In 1993, Princess Margaret opened a dedicated transplant centre at the Hospital.
Wythenshawe Hospital, Withington Hospital and the Christie became self-governing trusts in 1994 as part of major NHS reforms. Prior to that they were run by the South Manchester Health Authority, and this was split into two trusts: the South Manchester University Hopsitals NHS Trust, and the Christie NHS Trust.
By 1995 the Trust was capable of treating more than 7,500 in-patients and 300,000 outpatients. On top of that, it could manage 90,000 A&E cases across the course of a year; records show that over 5,500 people were employed by the Trust at this point.
This century has seen the establishment of The North West Lung Centre, an homage to the foundations that the Hospital has been built on. Here’s a list of some of the biggest recent additions.
- purpose-built cystic fibrosis unit at Wythenshawe Hospital
- coronary care unit
- intensive care unit
- state-of-the-art cardiac laboratories
- state-of-the-art Accident and Emergency Department
- transfer of the maternity services from Withington Hospital to Wythenshawe Hospital
- education and research centre
- paediatric unit
- six new operating theatres
- an Acute Unit financed under the Government’s Private Finance Initiative
- burns unit
- fracture clinic
Struggling with hand or wrist pain? Miss Ladan Hajipour is a specialist hand and wrist surgeon, and would be happy to receive your enquiry. Fill in the contact form below if you need to.